This study investigated the effects of hydrogen-rich saline (HRS) on intestinal epithelial tight junction (TJ) barrier in rats with intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IIRI). Thirty-two healthy male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 8 each): Sham group, I/R group, HRS group and 4-PBA group. After 45 min of ischemia and 6 h of reperfusion, the rats were sacrificed to collect serum and ileum for detection. Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining was used to observe the morphology of small intestine. The serum expression levels of intestinal fatty acid binding protein (IFABP), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) were determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Imunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence and Western blot were used to detect key proteins in intestinal epithelial TJs, ERS, and ERS-induced apoptosis, including occludin, zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1), glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78), X-box binding protein-1 (XBP1), C/EBP-homologous protein (CHOP) and caspase-3. Data was presented as mean ± SEM and compared using one-way ANOVA. A p-value <0.05 was considered significant. Compared with rats in the I/R group, the Chiu score of ileum damage in the HRS group and 4-PBA group were lower. The levels of serum IFABP, TNF-α, and IL-1β were statistically significant among the groups. Increased expression of TJ proteins occludin and ZO-1 by reducing various parameters of ERS and ERS-induced apoptosis evidenced by down-regulation of the protein levels of GRP78, XBP1, CHOP and caspase-3 were shown in the HRS and 4-PBA groups. HRS had potential protective effects on intestinal barrier in IIRI rats. This study suggested that inhibition of excessive ERS and ERS-induced apoptosis by HRS may reduce intestinal epithelial cells damage and maintain the integrity of intestinal epithelial TJ barrier in rats with IIRI.
Jiang S, Fan Q, Xu M, et al. Hydrogen-rich saline protects intestinal epithelial tight junction barrier in rats with intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury by inhibiting endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced apoptosis pathway. J Pediatr Surg. 2020 Dec;55(12):2811-2819.