Hydrogen in lung transplantation

In Animal studies, Lung by CHESS

Molecular hydrogen (H2) has protective effects against ischemia-reperfusion injury in various organs. Because they are easier to transport and safer to use than inhaled H2, H2-rich solutions are suitable for organ preservation. In this study, we examined the protective effects of an H2-rich solution for lung preservation in a canine left lung transplantation (LTx) model. Ten beagles underwent orthotopic left LTx after 23 hours of cold ischemia followed by reperfusion for 4 hours. Forty-five minutes after reperfusion, the right main pulmonary artery was clamped to evaluate the function of the implanted graft. The beagles were divided into two groups: control group (n = 5), and H2 group (n = 5). In the control group, the donor lungs were flushed and immersed during cold preservation at 4°C using ET-Kyoto solution, and in the H2 group, these were flushed and immersed using H2-rich ET-Kyoto solution. Physiologic assessments were performed during reperfusion. After reperfusion, the wet-to-dry ratios were determined, and histology examinations were performed. Significantly higher partial pressure of arterial oxygen and significantly lower partial pressure of carbon dioxide were observed in the H2 group than in the control group (P = .045 and P < .001, respectively). The wet-to-dry ratio was significantly lower in the H2 group than in the control group (P = .032). Moreover, in histology examination, less lung injury and fewer apoptotic cells were observed in the H2 group (P < .001 and P < .001, respectively). Our results demonstrated that the H2-rich preservation solution attenuated ischemia-reperfusion injury in a canine left LTx model.

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Kayawake H, Chen-Yoshikawa TF, Saito M et al. Protective Effects of a Hydrogen-Rich Preservation Solution in a Canine Lung Transplantation Model. Ann Thorac Surg. 2021 Jan;111(1):246-252.