Hydrogen-rich water bath devices are commercially available, but have been scarcely clarified for heat-retention effects. In this study, heat-retention effects of hydrogen-rich water bath were assessed by thermographic clinical trials, which employed twenty-four healthy subjects. The thermograms indicated that, under the same conditions (41 °C, 10-min bathing), hydrogen-rich water bath (hydrogen concentrations: 185-548 μg/L; oxidation-reduction potentials: -167 to -91 mV, versus 0.8 μg/L and +479 mV for normal bath, respectively) brought about the heat-retention being more marked than those of normal water bath for several body-parts in the order as follows: abdomen > upper legs > arms > hands > feet, for 30- and 60-min post-bathing, being in contrast to scarce heat-retention for head, armpits and lower legs. Then, as reflection to promotive effects on blood stream, we also examined the thickness of fingertip-capillary in hands. The thickness was expanded in the hydrogen-rich water bath more markedly than that in the normal water bath, suggesting that the hydrogen-rich water bath may have the hydrogen-based promotive effect, exceeding over mere heat retention-based effects, on blood circulation of the whole body. Meanwhile, the heat-retention in hydrogen-rich water bath weakly or moderately correlated with contents of the subcutaneous fat, whole body fat and body mass index, and inversely correlated with skeletal muscle rates, although their correlation degrees did not obviously exceed over normal water bath, with a poor relation with the basal metabolism rate. Thus, the hydrogen-rich water bath was suggested to exert heat-retention effects exceeding over normal water bath, in diverse body-parts such as abdomen, upper legs, arms and hands, via promotion to blood flow which was reflected by expanding the thickness of capillary. The heat-retention after bathing can be noted as effects of the hydrogen-rich water bath, which is applicable for most of people widespread regardless of their body composition index.
Kato S, Takada Y, Miwa N. Heat-retention effects of hydrogen-rich water bath assessed by thermography for humans. J Therm Biol. 2021;95:102805.