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Hydrogen and CO attenuates oxidative stress

In Animal studies, Kidney by CHESS

Hydrogen (H2) and carbon monoxide (CO) gas are both reported to reduce reactive oxygen species and alleviate tissue ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of a mixture of H2 gas and CO gas (dual gas) in comparison with hydrogen gas (H2: 2%) alone on I-R renal injury (composition of dual gas; N2: 77.8%; O2: …

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Hydrogen ameliorates spinal cord injury

In In vitro studies by CHESS

Hydrogen selectively neutralizes reactive oxygen species (ROS) and ameliorates various ROS-induced injuries. Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a serious injury to the central nervous system, and secondary SCI is closely related to excessive ROS generation. The authors hypothesized that hydrogen inhalation ameliorates SCI, and the mechanism of action may be related to the protective effects of hydrogen against oxidative stress, …

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Protective effect of hydrogen on renal injury model

In Animal studies, Kidney by CHESS

Hydrogen has a significant protective effect on calcium oxalate-induced renal injury, but its effect on metabolic profiles is unknown. This study showed the effects of hydrogen on serum and urine metabolites in a renal injury model. Ultra-HPLC quadrupole time-of-flight-MS-based metabolomics was used to characterise metabolic variations. Twenty-five serum metabolites and 14 urine metabolites showed differences in the the nitrogen and …

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Hydrogen postconditioning promotes retinal survival

In Animal studies, Eye / Ear, Nervous system by CHESS

Retinal ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) plays a crucial role in the pathophysiology of various ocular diseases. The previous study have shown that postconditioning with inhaled hydrogen (H2) (HPC) can protect retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in a rat model of retinal IRI. This study aims to investigate potential mechanisms underlying HPC-induced protection. Retinal IRI was performed on the right eyes of rats …

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Inhalation of hydrogen attenuates airway inflammation in asthma

In Animal studies, Lung by CHESS

Asthma is a worldwide common chronic airway disease that cannot be cured and results in the huge burden in public health. Oxidative stress was considered an important mechanism in the pathogenesis of asthma. Hydrogen gas been demonstrated to function as a novel antioxidant and exert therapeutic antioxidant activity in a number of diseases and the function of this nontoxic gas …

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Hydrogen improves neurological outcomes

In Animal studies, Nervous system by CHESS

This study aimed to investigate the role of necroptosis in the neuroprotection of hydrogen in a mouse model of cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. C57BL mice were randomly divided into sham group, I/R group, hydrogen/oxygen group (HO), nitrogen/oxygen group (NO). Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 1 hour followed by reperfusion was introduced to animals which were allowed to inhale 66.7% …

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Hydrogen protects against cigarette smoke-induced COPD

In Animal studies, Lung by CHESS

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic lung disease with limited treatment options. Hydrogen (H2) has been shown to be anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory. This study aimed to evaluate the beneficial effects of H2 inhalation on COPD development in mice. A COPD mouse model was established in male C57BL mice by cigarette smoke (CS) exposure. The H2 intervention was administered …

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Post-treatment hydrogen inhalation for uveitis

In Animal studies, Eye / Ear by CHESS

Molecular hydrogen (H2) has been widely reported to have benefiicial effects in diverse animal models and human disease through reduction of oxidative stress and inflammation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether hydrogen gas could ameliorate endotoxin-induced uveitis (EIU) in rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into a normal group, a model group, a nitrogen-oxygen (N-O) group, and …

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Hydrogen attenuates progression of chronic heart failure

In Animal studies, Cardiovascular by CHESS

Continuous damage from oxidative stress and apoptosis are the important mechanisms that facilitate chronic heart failure (CHF). Molecular hydrogen (H2) has potentiality in the aspects of anti-oxidation. The objectives of this study were to investigate the possible mechanism of H2 inhalation in delaying the progress of CHF. A total of 60 Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into four groups: …

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Hydrogen as a novel therapy for severe pressure ulcer

In Animal studies, Other studies by CHESS

Pressure ulcer formation depends on various factors among which repetitive ischaemia/reperfusion(I/R) injury plays a vital role. Molecular hydrogen (H2 ) was reported to have protective effects on I/R injuries of various internal organs. In this study, the authors investigated the effects of H2 inhalation on pressure ulcer and the underlying mechanisms. H2 inhalation significantly reduced wound area, 8-oxo-dG level (oxidative …