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Molecular hydrogen and sperm viability

In Animal studies, Other studies by CHESS

The effect of molecular hydrogen during cryopreservation on the ultrastructures of bovine sperm cells has been studied. The study was performed on the sperm production of black-and-white Holstein bulls. The sperm was diluted with a sterile BioXcell medium (France). To study the effect of molecular hydrogen on the sperm cells of bulls, “BioXcell” diluted with hydrogen water was used. Native …

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Hydrogen inhalation mitigates memory loss

In Animal studies, Nervous system by CHESS

The central nervous system (CNS) is one of the first physiological systems to be affected in sepsis. During the exacerbated systemic inflammatory response at the early stage of sepsis, circulatory inflammatory mediators are able to reach the CNS leading to neuroinflammation and, consequently, long-term impairment in learning and memory formation is observed. The acute treatment with molecular hydrogen (H2) exerts …

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Hydrogen inhalation ameliorates airway inflammation

In Human studies, Inflammation by CHESS

Hydrogen was proven to have anti-oxidative and anti-inflammation effects to various diseases. We wish to investigate the acute effects of inhaled hydrogen on airway inflammation in patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Prospective study. In total, 2.4% hydrogen containing steam mixed gas (XEN) was inhaled once for 45 min in 10 patients with asthma and 10 patients …

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Hydrogen against lung cancer progression

In Cancer, Human studies by CHESS

Chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy are used against advanced non-small cell lung cancer. A clinically efficacious method for relieving the adverse events associated of such therapies is lacking. Fifty-eight adult patients were enrolled in our trial to relieve pulmonary symptoms or the adverse events of drugs. Twenty patients who refused drug treatment were assigned equally and randomly to a hydrogen …

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Pharmacokinetics of hydrogen inhalation

In Animal studies, Other studies by CHESS

The benefits of inhaling hydrogen gas (H2) have been widely reported but its pharmacokinetics have not yet been sufficiently analyzed. We developed a new experimental system in pigs to closely evaluate the process by which H2 is absorbed in the lungs, enters the bloodstream, and is distributed, metabolized, and excreted. We inserted and secured catheters into the carotid artery (CA), …

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Proteomics of hydrogen inhalation in brain injury

In Animal studies, Nervous system by CHESS

Sepsis encephalopathy (SAE) has a high incidence and mortality rate in patients with sepsis; however, there is currently no effective treatment. Our previous studies have reported that 2% hydrogen (H2) gas inhalation had a protective effect on sepsis and SAE; however, the specific mechanism have not been fully elucidated. In the current study, male Institute of Cancer Research mice were …

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Hydrogen-oxygen mixture and COVID-19

In Human studies, Inflammation by CHESS

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has resulted in more than 8.7 million laboratory-confirmed cases and 0.46 million deaths globally. Few therapies, if any, have been shown to rapidly ameliorate the respiratory symptoms and prevent against the disease progression. An important mechanism contributing to dyspnea and disease progression in patients with COVID-19 might be the increased work of breathing because of the …

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Hydrogen in lung transplantation

In Animal studies, Lung by CHESS

Molecular hydrogen (H2) has protective effects against ischemia-reperfusion injury in various organs. Because they are easier to transport and safer to use than inhaled H2, H2-rich solutions are suitable for organ preservation. In this study, we examined the protective effects of an H2-rich solution for lung preservation in a canine left lung transplantation (LTx) model. Ten beagles underwent orthotopic left …

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Hydrogen gas improves delayed brain injury

In Animal studies, Nervous system by CHESS

Molecular hydrogen (H2) protect neurons against reactive oxygen species and ameliorates early brain injury (EBI) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). This study investigated the effect of H2 on delayed brain injury (DBI) using the rat SAH + unilateral common carotid artery occlusion (UCCAO) model with the endovascular perforation method. 1.3% H2 gas (1.3% hydrogen premixed with 30% oxygen and balanced nitrogen) …

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Hydrogen gas inhalation attenuates endothelial glycocalyx damage

In Animal studies, Cardiovascular by CHESS

Hydrogen gas (H2) inhalation during hemorrhage stabilizes post-resuscitation hemodynamics, improving short-term survival in a rat hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation (HS/R) model. However, the underlying molecular mechanism of H2 in HS/R is unclear. Endothelial glycocalyx (EG) damage causes hemodynamic failure associated with HS/R. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that H2 alleviates oxidative stress by suppressing xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) and/or …