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Pharmacokinetics of hydrogen inhalation

In Animal studies, Other studies by CHESS

The benefits of inhaling hydrogen gas (H2) have been widely reported but its pharmacokinetics have not yet been sufficiently analyzed. We developed a new experimental system in pigs to closely evaluate the process by which H2 is absorbed in the lungs, enters the bloodstream, and is distributed, metabolized, and excreted. We inserted and secured catheters into the carotid artery (CA), …

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Proteomics of hydrogen inhalation in brain injury

In Animal studies, Nervous system by CHESS

Sepsis encephalopathy (SAE) has a high incidence and mortality rate in patients with sepsis; however, there is currently no effective treatment. Our previous studies have reported that 2% hydrogen (H2) gas inhalation had a protective effect on sepsis and SAE; however, the specific mechanism have not been fully elucidated. In the current study, male Institute of Cancer Research mice were …

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Hydrogen-oxygen mixture and COVID-19

In Human studies, Inflammation by CHESS

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has resulted in more than 8.7 million laboratory-confirmed cases and 0.46 million deaths globally. Few therapies, if any, have been shown to rapidly ameliorate the respiratory symptoms and prevent against the disease progression. An important mechanism contributing to dyspnea and disease progression in patients with COVID-19 might be the increased work of breathing because of the …

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Hydrogen in lung transplantation

In Animal studies, Lung by CHESS

Molecular hydrogen (H2) has protective effects against ischemia-reperfusion injury in various organs. Because they are easier to transport and safer to use than inhaled H2, H2-rich solutions are suitable for organ preservation. In this study, we examined the protective effects of an H2-rich solution for lung preservation in a canine left lung transplantation (LTx) model. Ten beagles underwent orthotopic left …

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Hydrogen gas improves delayed brain injury

In Animal studies, Nervous system by CHESS

Molecular hydrogen (H2) protect neurons against reactive oxygen species and ameliorates early brain injury (EBI) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). This study investigated the effect of H2 on delayed brain injury (DBI) using the rat SAH + unilateral common carotid artery occlusion (UCCAO) model with the endovascular perforation method. 1.3% H2 gas (1.3% hydrogen premixed with 30% oxygen and balanced nitrogen) …

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Hydrogen gas inhalation attenuates endothelial glycocalyx damage

In Animal studies, Cardiovascular by CHESS

Hydrogen gas (H2) inhalation during hemorrhage stabilizes post-resuscitation hemodynamics, improving short-term survival in a rat hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation (HS/R) model. However, the underlying molecular mechanism of H2 in HS/R is unclear. Endothelial glycocalyx (EG) damage causes hemodynamic failure associated with HS/R. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that H2 alleviates oxidative stress by suppressing xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) and/or …

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Clinical studies with hydrogen

In Review papers by CHESS

With its antioxidant properties, hydrogen gas (H2) has been evaluated in vitro, in animal studies and in human studies for a broad range of therapeutic indications. A simple search of “hydrogen gas” in various medical databases resulted in more than 2000 publications related to hydrogen gas as a potential new drug substance. A parallel search in clinical trial registers also …

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Hydrogen inhalation inhibits neuroinflammation

In Animal studies, Nervous system by CHESS

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of mortality and disability worldwide. To date, therapies to treat any forms of TBI are still limited. Recent studies have demonstrated the potential neuroprotective effects of molecular hydrogen on TBI. Although it has been demonstrated that hydrogen inhalation (HI) for about 5 hrs immediately after TBI has a beneficial effect on brain …

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COVID-19 and hydrogen inhalation

In Uncategorized by CHESS

Public reports by China’s National Health Commission and the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention recommended effective oxygen therapy measures as an element of general treatment in patients with novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19). Both documents disclosed a rather exotic ratio of hydrogen and oxygen (66.6% H2 to 33.3% O2) as the composition of the gas mixture for inhalation. While …

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Hydrogen inhalation in NAFLD

In Animal studies, Liver by CHESS

Hydrogen exhibits therapeutic and preventive effects against various diseases. The present study investigated the potential protective effect and dose‑dependent manner of hydrogen inhalation on high fat and fructose diet (HFFD)‑induced nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in Sprague‑Dawley rats. Rats were randomly divided into four groups: i) Control group, regular diet/air inhalation; ii) model group, HFFD/air inhalation; iii) low hydrogen group, …