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Hydrogen inhalation promotes survival after retinal injury

In Animal studies, Eye / Ear by CHESS

Retinal ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) plays a crucial role in the pathophysiology of various ocular diseases. A previous study have shown that postconditioning with inhaled hydrogen (H2) (HPC) can protect retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in a rat model of retinal IRI. Further study aims to investigate potential mechanisms underlying HPC-induced protection. Retinal IRI was performed on the right eyes of rats …

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Hydrogen-rich saline attenuates brain injury induced by cardiopulmonary bypass

In Animal studies, Cardiovascular, Nervous system by CHESS

Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is prone to inducing brain injury during open heart surgery. A hydrogen-rich solution (HRS) can prevent oxidation and apoptosis, and inhibit inflammation. This study investigated effects of HRS on brain injury induced by CPB and regulatory mechanisms of the PI3K/Akt/GSK3β signaling pathway. A rat CPB model and an in vitro cell hypoxia model were established. After HRS …

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Hydrogen-rich saline for allergic rhinitis

In Animal studies, Other studies by CHESS

Medical gas hydrogen (H2) has a special role in airway inflammation; however, the effect of H2 on allergic rhinitis (AR) remains unclear. This study explored the possible roles of H2 on the pathogenesis of AR and observed the influences of H2 on cytokines IL-4 and IL-13. An AR guinea pig model was established by nasal ovalbumin sensitisation. Eighteen guinea pigs …

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Hydrogen-rich saline plays protective role in allergic inflammation

In Animal studies, Inflammation by CHESS

It is well considered that reactive oxygen species (ROS) plays a prominent causative role in the development of allergic rhinitis (AR), and eosinophils cells as important allergic inflammatory cells contribute to elevating oxidative stress. Hydrogen, emerging as a novel antioxidant, has been proven effective in selectively reducing ROS in animals models of oxidative damage. The authors herein aim to verify …

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Hydrogen attenuates brain injury after cardiac arrest

In Animal studies, Cardiovascular, Nervous system by CHESS

Hydrogen-rich saline can selectively scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS) and protect brain against ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury. Endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) has been implicated in the pathological process of cerebral ischemia. However, very little is known about the role of hydrogen-rich saline in mediating pathophysiological reactions to ERS after I/R injury caused by cardiac arrest. The rats were randomly divided …

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Hydrogen-rich water protects against inflammatory bowel disease

In Animal studies, Gut by CHESS

The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic effect of hydrogen-rich water (HRW) on inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and to explore the potential mechanisms involved. Male mice were randomly divided into the following four groups: control group, in which the mice received equivalent volumes of normal saline (NS) intraperitoneally (ip); dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) group, in which the …

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Hydrogen-rich saline improves non‑alcoholic fatty liver disease

In Animal studies, Liver by CHESS

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) comprises a range of liver diseases, between steatosis and non‑alcoholic steatohepatitis and liver cirrhosis, which are closely associated with diabetes mellitus. Previous studies have indicated that oxidative stress is a key factor in the development of NAFLD. Molecular hydrogen (H2) may ameliorate oxidative stress injuries by selectively neutralizing peroxynitrite and hydroxyl radicals. The present study …

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Protective effect of hydrogen on ovarian injury

In Animal studies, Other studies by CHESS

The present study aimed to investigate the effects of hydrogen-rich saline solution (HRSS) in a rat model of ovarian ischemia-reperfusion injury. Thirty-six female Wistar-albino rats were grouped randomly, into six groups of six rats. The groups were classified as: sham (S), hydrogen (H), torsion (T), torsion/detorsion (TD), hydrogen-torsion (HT), and hydrogen-torsion/detorsion (HTD). Bilateral adnexal torsion was performed for 3h in …

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Immersing lungs in hydrogen-rich saline attenuates lung injury

In Animal studies, Lung by CHESS

Anti-oxidant effects of hydrogen have been reported in studies examining ischaemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). In this study, the authors evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of immersing lungs in hydrogen-rich saline on lung IRI. Lewis rats were divided into three groups: (i) sham, (ii) normal saline and (iii) hydrogen-rich saline. In the first experiment, the left thoracic cavity was filled with either normal …

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Hydrogen attenuates cognitive impairment via inhibition of mitochondrial dysfunction

In Animal studies, In vitro studies, Nervous system by CHESS

The inhaled general anesthetic isoflurane has been shown to induce caspase-3 activation in vitro and in vivo. The underlying mechanisms and functional consequences of this activity remain unclear. Isoflurane can induce caspase-3 activation by causing accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial dysfunction, and reduction in adenosine triphosphate (ATP) levels. This study aimed to investigate the protective effect of hydrogen, …