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Molecular hydrogen inhalation attenuates postoperative cognitive impairment

In Animal studies, Nervous system by CHESS

Postoperative cognitive decline is a major clinical problem with high morbidity and mortality after surgery. Many studies have found that molecular hydrogen (H2) has significant neuroprotection against acute and chronic neurological injury by regulating inflammation and apoptosis. In this study, the authors hypothesized that H2 treatment could ameliorate the development of cognitive impairment following surgery. Adult male rats were subjected …

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Molecular hydrogen increases resilience to stress

In Animal studies, Other studies by CHESS

The inability to successfully adapt to stress produces pathological changes that can lead to depression. Molecular hydrogen has anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activities and neuroprotective effects. However, the potential role of molecular hydrogen in stress-related disorders is still poorly understood. The present study aims to investigate the effects of hydrogen gas on resilience to stress in mice. The results showed that …

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Hydrogen gas protects against intestinal injury

In Animal studies, Gut by CHESS

The intestine plays an important role in the pathogenesis of sepsis. Hydrogen gas (H2), which has anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-apoptotic effects, can be effectively used to treat septic mice. Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a redox-sensitive master switch that regulates the expression of antioxidant and protective enzymes. This study investigated the effects of 2% H2 on intestinal …

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Hydrogen inhalation influences the tolerance to hemorrhagic shock and improve survival

In Animal studies, Cardiovascular by CHESS

Mortality of hemorrhagic shock primarily depends on whether or not the patients can endure the loss of circulating volume until radical treatment is applied. The authors investigated whether hydrogen (H2) gas inhalation would influence the tolerance to hemorrhagic shock and improve survival. Hemorrhagic shock was achieved by withdrawing blood until the mean arterial blood pressure reached 30-35 mm Hg. After …

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Hydrogen inhalation protects against ototoxicity

In Animal studies, Eye / Ear by CHESS

Permanent hearing loss and tinnitus as side-effects from treatment with the anticancer drug cisplatin is a clinical problem. Ototoxicity may be reduced by co-administration of an otoprotective agent, but the results in humans have so far been modest. The present preclinical in vivo study aimed to explore the protective efficacy of hydrogen (H2) inhalation on ototoxicity induced by intravenous cisplatin. …

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Hydrogen can alleviate post-cardiac arrest myocardium injury

In Animal studies, Cardiovascular by CHESS

This study investigated the effects of hydrogen (H2) on myocardium injury post-cardiac arrest (CA) in rabbits. Sixty New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into H2 treatment group (n = 30) and control group (n = 30) by random number table. The rabbit CA model was established by means of electrical stimulation of external membrane, both groups were mechanically ventilated. Cardiopulmonary …

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Efficacy of inhaled hydrogen on neurological outcomes following brain ischemia during post-cardiac arrest

In Human studies, Nervous system by CHESS

Hydrogen gas inhalation (HI) improved survival and neurological outcomes in an animal model of post-cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS). The feasibility and safety of HI for patients with PCAS was confirmed in a pilot study. The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of HI for patients with PCAS. The efficacy of inhaled HYdrogen on neurological outcome following BRain …

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Hydrogen gas inhalation in acute cerebral infarction

In Human studies, Nervous system by CHESS

Molecular hydrogen (H2) acts as a therapeutic antioxidant. Inhalation of H2 gas (1-4%) was effective for the improvement of cerebral infarction in multiple animal experiments. Thus, for actual applications, a randomized controlled clinical study is desired to evaluate the effects of inhalation of H2 gas. Here, the authors evaluate the H2 treatment on acute cerebral infarction. Through this randomized controlled …

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Protective effect of hydrogen gas inhalation on muscular damage

In Animal studies, Muscle by CHESS

Ischemia-reperfusion injury is one of the leading causes of tissue damage and dysfunction, in particular, free tissue transfer, traumatically amputated extremity, and prolonged tourniquet application during extremity surgery. In this study, the authors investigated the therapeutic effects of hydrogen gas on skeletal muscle ischemia-reperfusion injury. The authors compared the concentration of hydrogen in a muscle on intraperitoneal administration of hydrogen-rich …

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Hydrogen inhalation for neurological outcomes and survival in a cardiac arrest

In Animal studies, Cardiovascular by CHESS

Postcardiac arrest syndrome is the consequence of whole-body ischemia-reperfusion events that lead to multiple organ failure and eventually to death. Recent animal studies demonstrated that inhalation of hydrogen greatly mitigates postresuscitation myocardial dysfunction and brain injury. However, the influence of underlying heart disease on the efficacy of hydrogen is still unknown. In the present study, the authors investigated the effects …