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Hydrogen ameliorates liver injury through PI3K-Akt pathway

In Animal studies, Liverby CHESS

This study explored the hepatoprotection of high concentrations of hydrogen (HCH) inhalation in a mouse hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury model and the potential mechanism. To explore the role of the PI3K-Akt pathway in the hepatoprotection of HCH, C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into five groups: Sham, I/R, I/R+HCH, LY294002 (PI3K inhibitor)+I/R+HCH, and LY+I/R groups. Mice received inhalation of 66.7% hydrogen …

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Hydrogen slows the development of COPD-like lung disease after smoke exposure

In Animal studies, Lungby CHESS

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive pulmonary disease caused by harmful gases or particles. Recent studies have shown that 2% hydrogen or hydrogen water is effective in the treatment and prevention of a variety of diseases. This study investigated the beneficial effects and the possible mechanisms of different hydrogen concentrations on COPD. A rat COPD model was established …

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Hydrogen as a radical scavenger and a mitohormetic effector

In In vitro studiesby CHESS

Inhalation of molecular hydrogen (H2) gas ameliorates oxidative stress-induced acute injuries in the brain. Consumption of water nearly saturated with H2 also prevents chronic neurodegenerative diseases including Parkinson’s disease in animal and clinical studies. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the remarkable effect of a small amount of H2 remain unclear. Here, the authors investigated the effect of H2 on mitochondria …

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Hydrogen gas inhalation after myocardial infarction

In Cardiovascular, Human studiesby CHESS

Hydrogen gas inhalation (HI) reduced infarct size and mitigated adverse left ventricular (LV) remodeling in a rat model of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The authors designed a prospective, open-label, rater-blinded clinical pilot study in patients experiencing ST-elevated MI (STEMI). The 20 patients with an initial diagnosis of STEMI were assigned to either an HI group (1.3% H2with 26% oxygen) or …

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Molecular hydrogen inhalation attenuates postoperative cognitive impairment

In Animal studies, Nervous systemby CHESS

Postoperative cognitive decline is a major clinical problem with high morbidity and mortality after surgery. Many studies have found that molecular hydrogen (H2) has significant neuroprotection against acute and chronic neurological injury by regulating inflammation and apoptosis. In this study, the authors hypothesized that H2 treatment could ameliorate the development of cognitive impairment following surgery. Adult male rats were subjected …

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Molecular hydrogen increases resilience to stress

In Animal studies, Other studiesby CHESS

The inability to successfully adapt to stress produces pathological changes that can lead to depression. Molecular hydrogen has anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory activities and neuroprotective effects. However, the potential role of molecular hydrogen in stress-related disorders is still poorly understood. The present study aims to investigate the effects of hydrogen gas on resilience to stress in mice. The results showed that …

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Hydrogen gas protects against intestinal injury

In Animal studies, Gutby CHESS

The intestine plays an important role in the pathogenesis of sepsis. Hydrogen gas (H2), which has anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, and anti-apoptotic effects, can be effectively used to treat septic mice. Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a redox-sensitive master switch that regulates the expression of antioxidant and protective enzymes. This study investigated the effects of 2% H2 on intestinal …

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Hydrogen inhalation influences the tolerance to hemorrhagic shock and improve survival

In Animal studies, Cardiovascularby CHESS

Mortality of hemorrhagic shock primarily depends on whether or not the patients can endure the loss of circulating volume until radical treatment is applied. The authors investigated whether hydrogen (H2) gas inhalation would influence the tolerance to hemorrhagic shock and improve survival. Hemorrhagic shock was achieved by withdrawing blood until the mean arterial blood pressure reached 30-35 mm Hg. After …

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Hydrogen inhalation protects against ototoxicity

In Animal studies, Eye / Earby CHESS

Permanent hearing loss and tinnitus as side-effects from treatment with the anticancer drug cisplatin is a clinical problem. Ototoxicity may be reduced by co-administration of an otoprotective agent, but the results in humans have so far been modest. The present preclinical in vivo study aimed to explore the protective efficacy of hydrogen (H2) inhalation on ototoxicity induced by intravenous cisplatin. …

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Hydrogen can alleviate post-cardiac arrest myocardium injury

In Animal studies, Cardiovascularby CHESS

This study investigated the effects of hydrogen (H2) on myocardium injury post-cardiac arrest (CA) in rabbits. Sixty New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into H2 treatment group (n = 30) and control group (n = 30) by random number table. The rabbit CA model was established by means of electrical stimulation of external membrane, both groups were mechanically ventilated. Cardiopulmonary …