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Inhaled hydrogen gas therapy for prevention of noise-induced hearing loss

In Animal studies, Eye / Ear by CHESS

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) that form in the inner ear play an important role in noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Recent studies have revealed that molecular hydrogen (H2) has great potential for reducing ROS. In this study, we examined the potential of hydrogen gas to protect against NIHL. The authors tested this hypothesis in guinea pigs with 0.5%, 1.0% and 1.5% …

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Quantitation of dihydrogen metabolism using deuterium isotope

In Animal studies, Other studies by CHESS

Despite the significant interest in molecular hydrogen as an antioxidant in the last eight years, its quantitative metabolic parameters in vivo are still lacking, as is an appropriate method for determination of hydrogen effectivity in the mammalian organism under various conditions. Intraperitoneally-applied deuterium gas was used as a metabolic tracer and deuterium enrichment was determined in the body water pool. …

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Molecular hydrogen with NO provide enhanced therapeutic efficacy in acute lung injury

In Animal studies, Lung by CHESS

Acute lung injury (ALI) is still a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients. Inhaled nitric oxide (NO) has been reported to ameliorate ALI. However, reactive nitrogen species produced by NO can cause lung injury. Because hydrogen gas (H2) is reported to eliminate peroxynitrite, it is expected to reduce the adverse effects of NO. Moreover, we have …

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Oral and inhalational molecular hydrogen affects signaling pathways and gene expression

In Animal studies, Other studies by CHESS

Molecular hydrogen (H2) is an agent with potential applications in oxidative stress-related and/or inflammatory disorders. H2 is usually administered by inhaling H2-containing air (HCA) or by oral intake of H2-rich water (HRW). Despite mounting evidence, the molecular mechanism underlying the therapeutic effects and the optimal method of H2 administration remain unclear. Here, authors investigated whether H2 affects signaling pathways and …

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Improvement of psoriasis-associated arthritis by treatment with molecular hydrogen

In Human studies, Inflammation, Skin by CHESS

Psoriasis, a chronic inflammatory skin disease, is caused by infiltrating lymphocytes and associated cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor (TNF)α, interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-17. Effective treatments, including pathogenesis-based biological agents against psoriasis, are currently under development. Although the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the pathogenesis of psoriasis has been investigated, it remains to be fully elucidated; ROS-targeted therapeutic strategies …